On a typical summer day, people may spend 14 to 16 hours per day in an air-conditioned room, at work, or at home to escape the heat, and some of them may experience dryness, irritation, stickiness, itching, burning, and watering from the eyes. They may be developing a medical condition known as “Dry Eye Syndrome.”
A sufficient quantity and quality of tears in the eyes is required for normal vision and function.
The dry eye syndrome is caused by a change in the quality or quantity of the three layers of the tear film: the oily (exterior), water/aqueous (middle), and protein layers (inner).
The most common cause of dry eyes is air conditioning. The artificial air and temperature change caused by air conditioners can cause changes and have an impact on everything from the largest organ of the body, the skin, to the immune system, to the most delicate organ, the eyes. The extreme loss of humidity and resulting dryness in the air around us, particularly in low temperature settings in AC, causes more evaporation from the watery layer of tear film, resulting in evaporative dry eyes. Long term exposure to such AC can also alter the lipid production from glands in the eyelids, resulting in changes in both the quality and quantity of tear film and thus dry eyes.
Tears have antimicrobial properties, and when there is insufficient lubrication, the eyes are more susceptible to inflammation and infections, which can lead to vision loss.
Other major causes of dry eye disease include:
Burning, dryness, grittiness, itchiness, aching sensations, heaviness, watering from the eyes, and blurred vision are symptoms of dry eyes and dry eye syndrome. When you have dry eyes, your reading speed can slow down, and the rate decreases as the severity increases.
Prevention is preferable to treatment. Check your eyes for dry eyes syndrome and get the proper treatment.
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