Diabetes can cause diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease. This occurs when high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy affects up to 80% of people who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. With proper eye care and monitoring, at least 90% of new cases could be avoided.
Mild non proliferative diabetic retinopathy – swelling in small areas of the blood vessels in the retina.
Moderate non proliferative diabetic retinopathy – some of the blood vessels in the retina will become blocked leading to hemorrhages.
Severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy – more blocked blood vessels, which lead to areas of the retina no longer receiving adequate blood flow
Visual acuity testing: This measures a person’s vision.
Tonometry: This test measures pressure inside the eye.
Pupil dilation: Drops placed on the eye’s surface widen the pupil, allowing a physician to examine the retina and optic nerve.
Comprehensive dilated eye exam: It allows the doctor to check the retina for:
Optical coherence tomography (OCT): It uses light waves to produce images of the retina to assess the amount of fluid.
Fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA): During this test, your doctor will inject a dye into your arm, allowing them to track how the blood flows in your eye. They’ll take pictures of the dye circulating inside of your eye to determine which vessels are blocked, leaking, or broken.
Any treatment aims to slow or stop disease progression. Regular monitoring may be the only treatment for non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy in its early stages. Controlling blood sugar levels, as well as diet and exercise, can help slow the progression of the disease.
Laser : If the disease progresses, the blood vessels can leak blood and fluid into the retina, causing macular edema. This leakage can be stopped with laser therapy. To prevent macular edema from worsening, a laser is used to target a specific leaky vessel in the macula.
If you have diabetes, you must do the following:
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We're an eye specialist hospital dedicated to providing the best care for you and your eyes. At Accra Specialist Eye Hospital, we are committed to delivering accessible and comprehensive eye care, to the highest possible standards. Our Expertise & Services Offered are Laser Eye Surgeries, Micro Incision Cataract, Surgery (Phaco), Retina Surgeries, Phaco (Cataract), Gluacoma Surgeries, Cornea Surgeru - Transplant , Oculoplastic Surgery and Child Eye Care Services. We're located at Tantra Hill - Accra.