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Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

The photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) procedure reshapes the cornea to correct myopia (short-sightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism (unevenly curved cornea). It aids in the reduction or elimination of the need for glasses or contact lenses. The goal of refractive surgery...

Retinopathy Prematurity

Retinopathy prematurity (ROP) is a blinding disease in premature babies caused by the formation of abnormal blood vessels in the developing retina. (the eye’s innermost light-sensitive layer). In a full-term baby, blood vessels grow along the surface of the developing...

Corneal Ulcer (Keratitis)

Keratitis is an erosion or open sore on the cornea, the thin clear structure of the eye that refracts light. An ulcer may form if the cornea becomes inflamed as a result of infection or injury. Symptoms of Corneal Ulcer...

Macular Hole

A macular hole is a hole in the central part of the retina that is most important for vision. The retina is the innermost light-sensitive layer of the eye, similar to the film of a camera where the image...

Dry Eyes

On a typical summer day, people may spend 14 to 16 hours per day in an air-conditioned room, at work, or at home to escape the heat, and some of them may experience dryness, irritation, stickiness, itching, burning, and...

Malignant Glaucoma

Graefe first described malignant glaucoma in 1869 as an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) with a shallow or flat anterior chamber, usually as a result of ocular surgery. Aqueous misdirection, ciliary block glaucoma, and lens block angle closure are all...

Congenital Glaucoma

Congenital GlaucomaCongenital glaucoma, also known as childhood glaucoma, infantile glaucoma, or pediatric glaucoma, is found in babies and small children ( 3 years of age). It is a rare condition that can result in permanent blindness.Symptoms of Congenital GlaucomaChildhood...

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of conditions that cause optic nerve damage. The optic nerve is located at the back of the eye and helps in visualization by transmitting visual signals from the eye to the brain. Blindness could result...

Non Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes can cause diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease. This occurs when high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy affects up to 80% of people who have had diabetes for 20 years or more. With...

Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes retinopathy occurs when high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy can progress to this more severe form, known as proliferative diabetic retinopathy, when damaged blood vessels become blocked and new, abnormal blood vessels...