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Uveitis Eye

The uvea is the middle layer of the eye that contains the majority of the blood vessels. It is made up of the iris, ciliary body, and choroid and is located between the sclera, the white outer coat of the eye, and the retina, the inner layer of the eye.

Uveitis refers to a group of inflammatory diseases that cause swelling of the uveal tissues. It is not always limited to the uvea but can also affect the lens, retina, optic nerve, and vitreous, resulting in reduced vision or blindness.

Uveitis can be caused by problems or diseases in the eye, or it can be part of an inflammatory disease that affects other parts of the body.

It can occur at any age, but it primarily affects people aged 20 to 60.

Uveitis can be acute or chronic. The most severe forms of uveitis can reoccur multiple times.

Symptoms of Uveitis Eye?

Uveitis may affect one or both eyes at the same time. Symptoms may appear quickly and include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Dark, floating spots/lines in the vision (floaters)
  • Eye pain
  • Redness of the eye
  • Sensitivity to light (photophobia)


Uveitis signs and symptoms vary depending on the type of inflammation.

Acute anterior uveitis can affect one or both eyes and is characterized in adults by eye pain, blurred vision, light sensitivity, and redness.

Blurred vision and floaters are symptoms of intermediate uveitis. It is not usually associated with pain.

Vision loss can occur as a result of posterior uveitis. This type of uveitis is only detectable during an eye exam.


Causes of Uveitis Eye?

The body’s natural reaction to tissue damage, germs, or toxins is inflammation. It causes swelling, redness, and heat, as well as the destruction of tissues, as certain white blood cells rush to the affected area of the body in an attempt to contain or eliminate the insult. Uveitis is caused by an inflammation of the uveal tissue.

  • An attack from the body’s own immune system (autoimmunity)
  • Infections or tumors occurring within the eye or in other parts of the body
  • Trauma to the eye
  • Drugs and toxins
  • Most of the times the cause remains unknown which is termed as idiopathic


Types of Uveitis?

  • Anterior uveitis is inflammation of the iris (iritis) or the iris and ciliary body.
  • Intermediate uveitis is inflammation of the ciliary body.
  • Posterior uveitis is inflammation of the choroid.
  • Diffuse uveitis (also called pan-uveitis) is inflammation of all parts of the uvea.


Complications of Uveitis?

Many cases of uveitis are chronic, and they can result in a variety of complications, such as corneal clouding, cataracts, elevated eye pressure (IOP), glaucoma, retinal swelling, or retinal detachment. These complications have the potential to lead to permanent vision loss.


Treatment for Uveitis?

If uveitis is caused by another condition, treatment will be tailored to that condition.

The first option for treating uveitis is to use anti-inflammatory drugs. Your doctor may first recommend anti-inflammatory eyedrops, such as corticosteroids. If these do not provide relief, corticosteroid tablets or injections may be required.


The second option for uveitis treatment is to use drugs that combat bacteria or viruses. If your uveitis is the result of an infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics, antiviral medications, or other medications, with or without corticosteroids, to treat the infection.

Drugs that suppress the immune system or kill cells If the disease does not affect both eyes, does not respond well to corticosteroids, or becomes severe enough to threaten your vision, you may require immunosuppressive or cytotoxic drugs for uveitis treatment.



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We're an eye specialist hospital dedicated to providing the best care for you and your eyes. At Accra Specialist Eye Hospital, we are committed to delivering accessible and comprehensive eye care, to the highest possible standards. Our Expertise & Services Offered are Laser Eye Surgeries, Micro Incision Cataract, Surgery (Phaco), Retina Surgeries, Phaco (Cataract), Gluacoma Surgeries, Cornea Surgeru - Transplant , Oculoplastic Surgery and Child Eye Care Services. We're located at Tantra Hill - Accra.